For the patient with osteoporosis, list 5 items you would discuss for lifestyle counseling.
- Stopping smoking, alcohol; limiting caffeine intake
- Fall prevention strategies (e.g. turn on lights when walking at night; no throw rugs)
- Elemental calcium: 1200 mg/day in split doses, including dietary
- Vitamin D: less than 50 y.o.: 400-1000; >50 y.o.: 1000-2000 IU day
- Weight-bearing exercise