Rheumatology Question 14 Instructor

Name 7 causes of secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon.

Connective tissue diseases/vasculitis:

  • Takayasu
  • GCA
  • Buerger’s disease (thromboangiitis obliterans)
  • PAN
  • Connective tissue disease

Vascular occlusion:

  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome


  • ergots
  • bleomycin


  • Cold-induced
  • Vibration-induced


  • Cryoglobulins
  • Cold agglutinins
  • Polycythemia rubra vera
  • Antihospholipid antibody syndrome


  • Phaeochromocytoma
  • Carcinoid

Subscribe to Pearls

Uncle Sam wants you to subscribe to Medical Pearls

Subscribe today! It’s always free, and you can easily unsubscribe at any time. We will never share your email address. Subscribe to...

Multiple Pearls
Cardiology Pearls
Endocrinology Pearls
Hematology Pearls
Nephrology Pearls
Rheumatology Pearls
Transplant Pearls
General Internal Medicine Pearls
Instructor Pearls

Subscribe to receive your pearls today—it's free!