Rheumatology Question 20 Instructor

Name 4 reasons for a spuriously elevated ESR.

  • Pregnancy
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Anemia
  • Advanced age
  • Female sex

As a general rule, expected elevations in ESR due to advanced age or sex can be calculated according to the following equation:

ESR (mm/hr) >age (+ 10 for women) / 2

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